University

Universities contribute to nation building by providing highly specialized educational experiences to train experts in the various technical and disciplinal areas and by emphasizing the development of new knowledge and skills through research and development. The focus on developing new knowledge is emphasized from baccalaureate programs through to doctoral programs; thus, a research orientation is emphasized in the Bachelor, Master’s and doctoral degree programs. Universities contribute to nation building by producing experts, knowledge, and technological innovations that can be resources for long-term development processes in a globalized context.

In order to attain its mandate, Universities should have:
  • Faculty members with advanced (masters and doctoral) degrees in their areas of specialization, and who participate in research and development activities in their respective disciplines as evidenced by refereed publications, and other scholarly outputs;
  • A comprehensive range of degree programs in all levels, from basic post-secondary to doctoral programs;
  • Viable research programs in specific (disciplinal and multidisciplinary) areas of study that produce new knowledge as evidenced by refereed publications, citations, inventions and patents, etc.;
  • Comprehensive learning resources and support structures (e.g., libraries, practicum laboratories, relevant educational resources, and linkages with the relevant disciplinal and professional sectors) to allow students to explore basic, advanced, and even cutting edge knowledge in a wide range of disciplines or professions;
  • Links with other research institutions in various parts of the world that would ensure that the research activities of the university are functioning at the current global standards; and
  • Outreach activities that allow the students, faculty, and research staff to apply the new knowledge they generate to address specific social development problems, broadly defined.
They are operationally defined as follows:
1. The presence of graduate students manifests the training of experts, who will be involved in professional practice and/or discovery of new knowledge.
2. Academic degree programs should be comprehensive and manifest the pursuit of new knowledge.
a) There are at least twenty (20) active academic degree programs, at least six of which is at the graduate level.
b) There is at least one active doctoral program in three different fields (disciplines or branches of knowledge).
c) All graduate programs and at least 50% of baccalaureate programs require the submission of a thesis/project.
d) There should be a core of permanent faculty members. All full-time permanent faculty members and researchers have, at least, relevant master’s degrees. All faculty members teaching in the doctoral programs have doctoral degrees. All other faculty should have the relevant degrees, professional licenses (for licensed programs), and/or relevant experience in the subject areas they handle.
e) At least thirty (30) full-time faculty members or 20% of all full-time faculty, whichever is higher, are actively involved in research.
f) Any one of these conditions:
 Annual research cost expenditure for the past five years is equivalent to at least PhP75,000 x the number of faculty members involved in research2; or At least 5% of full-time faculty members engaged in research have patents, articles in refereed journals, or books published by reputable presses in the last ten years3
3. Comprehensive learning resources and support structures allow students to explore basic, advanced, and even cutting edge knowledge in a wide range of disciplines or professions.
4. Links with other research institutions in various parts of the world ensure that the research activities of the university are functioning at the current global standards.
5. Outreach activities allow the students, faculty, and research staff to apply the new knowledge they generate to address specific social development problems, broadly defined.

These minimum requirements for Universities—particularly the numbers and percentages pertaining to academic degree programs, faculty, and costs—should be reviewed by 2017, to see if these are responsive to the development needs of the country.
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